TURKEY AND ANTALYA
Turkey has been a meeting place for many diverse civilizations and cultures throughout history, from prehistoric times to the classical Greco-Roman period until the emergence of modern Turkish republic.
Turkey 's long coastal borders with the Mediterranean, Aegean and Black Seas and the bridges between Asia and Europe , make her the center of major commercial and migration routes.
Her rich geographical structure, with mountainous areas, fertile plains, and high-altitude plateaus makes Turkey 's climate varied, and provides a colorful and rich diversity of urban settlements, tourist resorts, economic activities, as well as fauna and flora.
Turkey is separated into seven major distinct geographic regions according to climate, natural plantation and distribution of the agricultural activities.
- Is the only country in the world that stands on two continents - Asia & Europe;
- Has a secular, stable, democratic and parliamentary government;
- Is a fusion of cultures since 7000 BC, a vast and varied land full of splendid cultural; achievements, and a bridge from East to West;
- Has a young & dynamic population of 65 million;
- Is a member of United Nations since 1945 and a member of NATO since 1952;
- Is one of the 10 emerging markets in the world;
- Houses the Greek Orthodox and Armenian Patriarchates;
- Is where Alexander the Great cut the Gordian knot near Ankara ; where the Trojan war took place, and where the oldest city in the world, Çatalhöyük, was built circa 7000 BC.
- Is the home of the two of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
- Is the birthplace of St. Paul and St. Nicholas;
- Has historical treasures from 13 civilizations, including Hittite, Phrygian (King Midas), Urartu, Seleukidian, Lydian (King Croesus), Hellenic, Persian, Roman, Seljuki and Ottoman…
Antalya is a city of great historical and archeological interest, from Roman and Hellenic era to Seljukid and Ottoman periods. The city of Antalya stretches along the bay bearing its name, and is surrounded by fertile valleys with the snow-capped Taurus mountains rising in the background. Several streams emerging from the Taurus mountains water the fertile plains and end up cascading down the steep coastal cliffs in impressive waterfalls.
The coastline has miles of scenic beaches, sandy in places, with steep cliffs at others, and in some places with lush forests reaching the sea. The Taurus mountains rising against the blue backdrop of the sky, canyons, valleys, waterfalls, undersea and mountain caves make this a region of wonders for divers (sky and sea), surfers, campers, yachtsmen…..
Antalya has a very rich flora, including many types of endemic plants found along the coastal regions, citrus groves, typical Mediterranean maquis at the foothills, and oak and pine forests.
Visitors to Antalya are struck by the size attained by some plants, especially certain succulents and different species of cactus. The extensive cotton and sesame plantations, and citrus and banana groves in the plains have a beauty of their own.
In Antalya the four seasons only appear on the calendar, as there is no real winter here, so much so that when in 1985 snow fell for the first time in 60 years, it made front-page news.